• Evolution-denial. On the basis of their reading of scripture, some religious groups reject the theory of evolution. This is primarily a phenomenon of the right today, but when originally posited, the theory of evolution was used to create a social theory that was one of the bases of laissez-faire. As such, while the right-wing doesn’t believe in evolution, it vehemently supports its bastard offspring. “Science is just a theory” they often say. AS if science’s constitutional self-correcting was a flaw.
• Medical-science denial. Perhaps stemming from the distrust of institutions, many believe that mainstream medical science is wrong or even evil. Everything from unfounded beliefs in the healthful effects of vitamins to the belief in the unhealthful effects of vaccines are included in this bizarre cult that defies the usual right/left dichotomy. This one is fostered in the press and by people like Oprah Winfrey and her whack pack.
• Climate-change denial. Mostly due to bamboozlement or ideology, the right wing has made a multi-tiered denial of climate change (it’s not happening, it was Mount Pinatubo, it is happening but isn’t man made, it is happening it is man made but there’s nothing we can do about it, it is happening it is man made but it will be fucking awesome, etc.) that like many evolution deniers, use changing facts and evolving science on the issue as a gotcha against the theory. Of course, this is how science actually works.
• Radiation paranoiacs. Perhaps stemming from fears of nuclear war, extremely hyperbolic fears of radiation in everything from airport scanners to nuclear power plants to smoke detectors, an almost OCD, Lady Macbeth level neurosis captures these people while they simultaneously ignore other poisons, like lead, mercury, and carbon dioxide that do not decay over time and have actually killed huge numbers of people. This paranoia, like medical science denial, is often used by the press to juice stories on many topics. Radiation is more or less a 20th century symbol for the bad side of the modern world used in all sorts of literary and journalistic endeavors, but the actual scientific effects are not as dramatic. (Nuclear war would not be pleasant if the bombs were not radiological, either.)
• Critical studies “deconstructions” of science as a male/white/European social construct. This is, of course, a largely leftist phenomenon. The fact that women and minorities are underrepresented in science is not because gravity is racist, it’s because institutions are passively sexist and racist. Institutions are not “science.”
• The flip side are where you find people who believe in UFO, moon landing conspiracies, faith healing, mediums, psychics, alien abduction, and other DSM-box-checking things. These folks don’t so much deny positive claims by science as much as they ignore its negative findings. There is no scientific evidence, and much to the contrary, that people can predict the future or speak with dead people. Faith healing, if it ever works at all, is simply a placebo, like most vitamins and “herbal supplements.”
Right-wing anti-scientism tends to be ideological. Non-right-wing anti-scientism tends to be something that plays both on people’s hopes and fears—about institutions, about people, and about life and death.
The exception to this rule relates to critical studies attacks on science—which makes you wonder if there isn’t some way in which these folks aren’t a sort of bizarro right-wing for their own ingroup.